How to use Deburring Tool

Usage tips for XEBEC Brush™ Surface

Recommended rotational speed and maximum rotational speed are different depending on Brush size. See the table below.

Initial processing conditions

Product code Rotational speed (min-1) Depth of cut (mm) Feed rate (mm/min) Brush projection (mm)
Recommended Maximum Vertical burrs Horizontal burrs Cutter mark removal Polishing Burr root thickness 0.05mm Burr root thickness 0.1mm Cutter mark removal / polishing
A13-CB06M 8000 10000 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.3-0.5 4000 2500 300 10
A11-CB06M / A21-CB06M 8000 10000 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.3-0.5 4000 2500 300 10
A32-CB06M 8000 10000 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2-0.3 4000 2500 300 10
A13-CB15M 4800 6000 1 1 0.5 0.3-0.5 4000 2500 300 10
A11-CB15M / A12-CB15M / A32-CB15M 4800 6000 0.5 1 0.5 0.3-0.5 4000 2500 300 10
A11-CB25M / A21-CB25M / A32-CB25M 4000 5000 0.5 1 0.5 0.3-0.5 4000 2500 300 15
A11-CB40M / A21-CB40M / A32-CB40M 2400 3000 0.5 1 0.5 0.3-0.5 4000 2500 300 15
A11-CB60M / A21-CB60M / A32-CB60M 1600 2000 0.5 1 0.5 0.3-0.5 4000 2500 300 15
A11-CB100M / A21-CB100M / A32-CB100M 960 1200 0.5 1 0.5 0.3-0.5 4000 2500 300 15

deburring Processing conditions

deburring Processing conditions Rotational speed

Which Deburring Brush do I need?

Refer to the chart below and select brush colour based on the workpiece material, burr root thickness and target surface.

Which brush for Deburring?

Workpiece material Resin Copper or Brass
Aluminium
General Steel
Stainless Steel
Heat-resistant Steel
Cast-iron
Hard to cut material
Thickness of burrs Micro fine burrs
Burr root thickness ( < 0.1mm)
Burr root thickness (0.1 - 0.2mm)
Brush A13 (pink) A11 (red) A21 (White) A32 (Blue)

Which brush for Cutter Mark removal?

Workpiece material Copper or Brass
Aluminium
General Steel
Stainless Steel
Heat-resistant Steel
Cast-iron
Plastic and Hard to cut material
Achievable Surface roughness < Ra 0.1 µm
Ra 0.1 µm >
Brush A13 (pink) A11 (red) A21 (White) A32 (Blue)

Dry/Wet Machining

The tool can be used for both dry and wet (oil-based and water-soluble) machining. Wet machining may improve surface finish quality and tool life.

If burrs remain

  1. Increase rotational speed. Increase the rotational speed to the maximum. If burrs still remain, then decrease the feed rate.
Brush diameter (mm) Product code Recommended rotational speed (min-1) Maximum rotational speed (min-1)
6 A13-CB06M / A11-CB06M / A21-CB06M / A32-CB06M 8000 10000
15 A13-CB15M / A11-CB15M / A21-CB15M / A32-CB15M 4800 6000
25 A11-CB25M / A21-CB25M / A32-CB25M 4000 5000
40 A11-CB40M / A21-CB40M / A32-CB40M 2400 3000
60 A11-CB60M / A21-CB60M / A32-CB60M 1600 2000
lOO All-CBlOOM / A21-CB100M / A32-CB100M 960 1200
125 A11-CB125M / A21-CB125M / A32-CB125M BOO 1000
165 A11-CB165M / A21-CB165M / A32-CB165M 600 750
200 A11-CB200M / A21-CB200M / A32-CB200M 480 600
  1. Check the rotation direction of the Brush. For horizontal burrs, up cut is recommended so that the brush tip pushes up the burrs.
  2. Change the Brush colour. Change the Brush with higher grinding power. The grinding power of the Brush: Blue> White> Red> Pink Make sure to select Brush colour based on the workpiece material and burr root thickness.

If the edge is too rounded

  1. Increase feed rate. To make sharp edge, increase the feed rate in 1000 mm/min increments within the range where burrs can be removed. Increasing the feed rate also helps reduce cycle time.
  2. Decrease rotational speed. Decrease the rotational speed in 10 to 20% increments within the range where burrs can be removed.
  3. Check the Brush colour. The grinding power of the Brush: Blue> White> Red> Pink Select Brush colour based on the workpiece material and burr root thickness.

To extend tool life

  1. Increase feed rate. Increase the feed rate in 1000 mm/min increments within the range where burrs can be removed.
  2. Decrease rotational speed. Decrease the rotational speed in 10 to 20% within the range where burrs can be removed.

If the surface becomes rough

Check the Brush colour. Change the Brush with higher edge quality. Edge quality of the Brush: Pink> Red> White> Blue Make sure to select Brush colour based on the workpiece material and target surface roughness.

REFERENCE DATA: SURFACE ROUGHNESS AFTER DEBURRING

A11(Red) A21(White) A32(Blue)
A5052 Approx. Ra0.6µm, Rz5.0 µm
S50C Approx. Ra0.2 µm, Rz1.6µm
SUS304 Approx. Ra0.3µm, Rz2.4µm

To improve surface roughness

  1. Check the Brush colour. Make sure to select appropriate Brush colour. Edge quality of the Brush : Pink > Red >White> Blue
  2. Wet machining. The tool can be used for both dry and wet (oil-based and water-soluble) machining. Wet machining may improve surface roughness and tool life.
  3. Increase the number of passes. When comparing in the same cycle time, increasing the number of passes makes bigger difference than decreasing feed rate.

Example

Rotational speed: 4000min-1
Depth of cut : 0.5mm
Feed rate: 600mm/min
The number of passes: 1

>

Rotational speed: 4000min-1
Depth of cut: 0.5mm
Feed rate: 1200mm/min
The number of passes: 2

REFERENCE DATA: TOOL LIFE

Material: Aluminium die-casting
Process details: Deburring after face milling process
Burr root thickness: 0.1 mm
Traveling distance: 1000mm/pcs

Tool: A11-CB25M
Rotational speed:4000min-1
Feed rate: 2400mm/min
Depth of cut: 1.0mm
Used length: 50mm out of 75mm

Tool life:
10km
10,000pcs (10km/1000mm)

deburring usage tips 1

Material: Carbon Steel S45C
Process details: Deburring after end milling process
Burr root thickness: 0.1mm
Traveling distance: 200mm/pcs

Tool: A21-CB25M
Rotational speed: 4000min-1
Feed rate: 2000mm/min
Depth of cut: 0.5mm
Used length: 50mm out of 75mm

Tool life: 3km
15,000pcs (3km/200mm)

deburring usage tips 2

* Tool life significantly varies depending on processing conditions, burr conditions (size and direction) and workpiece material. The above data is not guaranteed, please use as a guide.

Usage tips for XEBEC Brush™ Surface Extra-Large

Initial processing conditions

Product code Rotational Speed (min-1) Depth of cut (mm) Feed rate (mm/ min) Brush projection (mm)
Recommended Maximum Vertical burrs Horizontal burrs Cutter mark removal Polishing Burr root thickness 0.05mm Burr root thickness 0.1mm Cutter mark removal/ Polishing
A11-CB125M / A21-CB125M / A32-CB125M 800 1000 0.5 1 0.5 0.3-0.5 4000 2500 300 15
A11-CB165M / A21-CB165M / A32-CB165M 600 750 0.5 1 0.5 0.3-0 .5 4000 2500 300 15
A11-CB200M / A21-CB200M / A32-CB200M 480 600 0.5 1 0.5 0.3-0 .5 4000 2500 300 15

Please refer to above of XEBEC Brush Surface for an improvement method when it does not work.

Usage tips for XEBEC Brush™ Surface End Type

How to select

Grinding power differs depending on Brush colour. Refer to the chart and select Brush colour based on the workpiece material and burr root thickness.

Workpiece material Resin Copper or Brass
Aluminium
General Steel
Stainless Steel
Heat-resistant Steel
Cast-iron
Hard to cut material
Thickness of burrs Micro fine burrs
Burr root thickness (Up to 0.1mm)
Target Surface
roughness
Ra0.1 μm or better
Up to Ra0.1 μm
Brush A13 (pink) A11 (red) A21 (White) A32 (Blue)

Usage tips for XEBEC Brush™ Wheel Type

Initial processing conditions

Product code Cutting speed (m/min) Rotational speed (min-1) Feed per bundle (mm/bundle) Depth of cut (mm) Feed rate (mm/min)
W-All-50 250 1600 0.5 0.2 4800
W-All-75 250 1000 0.5 0.2 3000

Processing Conditions Range

Product code Cutting speed (m/min) Feed per bundle (mm/ bundle) Depth of cut (mm) Maximum rotational speed(min-1)
W -All -50 150-350 1.5or less 0.5or less 3000
W -All -75

* As bristles are worn out, bristle length becomes shorter and increases stiffness, causing bristles to be broken. If bristles breakage occurs, decrease the depth of cut.

If burrs remain

  1. Increase the number of passes
  2. Decrease the feed per bundle in 10 to 20% increments

To extend tool life

Increase the feed per bundle in 10 to 20% increments

REFERENCE DATA: TOOL LIFE

Material: Carbon Steel S45C
Process details: Deburring after end milling
Burr root thickness: 0.1mm
Traveling distance: 120mm/pcs

Tool: W-A11-50
Cutting speed: 250m/min
(Spindle Speed: 1600min-1)
Feed per bundle: 0.7mm/bundle
(Feed rate: 7000mm/min)
Depth of cut: 0.2mm
Used length: 10mm out of 13.5mm

Tool life:
600m
5,000pcs (600m/120mm)

deburring usage tips 3

* Tool life significantly varies depending on processing conditions, burr conditions (size and direction) and workpiece material. The above data is not guaranteed. Please use as a guide.

Usage tips for XEBEC Brush™ Crosshole

Refer to the chart and select Brush colour based on the workpiece material and burr root thickness.

Workpiece material Resin General steel
Stainless steel
Aluminium
Heat-resistant steel
Cast-iron
Hard-to-cut material
Thickness
of burrs
Micro fine burrs
Burr root thickness (Up to 0.1mm)
Target Surface roughness Ra0.1 μm or better
Up to Ra0.1 μ m
Brush A12(Red) A33(Blue)
  1. Insert the Brush while not in motion. * If you rotate the Brush outside the cylinder, the bristles may be damaged or scattered and may cause injury to an operator.
  2. Rotate the tool past the crosshole Consistent edge quality can be obtained by rotating the tool in both CW and CCW direction.
  3. Process while pulling the Brush back. Pulling the Brush back past the crossholes prevents burrs from being laid flat against the interior surface of the cylinder.
  4. Process while pushing the Brush forward.
  5. Stop the Brush rotation.
  6. Remove the Brush while it is at rest.

how to do cross hole deburring

* XEBEC Brush has high grinding power on the tip. The Brush tip needs to be in contact with the processing area.

Processing conditions: Rotational speed

Recommended rotational speed is different depending on Brush diameter. See the diagrams below.

CH-A12-1.5M

Target hole dia.Ø3.5-5mm Recommended rotational speed: 9000-11000min-1

hole deburring CH-A12-1.5M

CH-A12-3M/3L

Target hole dia.Ø5-8mm Recommended rotational speed: 7000-10000min-1

hole deburring CH-A12-3M3L

CH-A12-5M/5L

Target hole dia.Ø8-10mm Recommended rotational speed: 8000-10000min-1

hole deburring CH-A12-5M5L

CH-A12-7M/7L

Target hole dia.Ø10-20mm Recommended rotational speed: 7000-9000min-1

hole deburring CH-A12-7M7L

CH-A12-11M/11L

Target hole dia.Ø14-20mm Recommended rotational speed: 6000-7500min-1

hole deburring CH-A12-11M11L

CH-A33-3M/3L

Target hole dia.Ø5-8mm Recommended rotational speed: 7500-9000min-1

hole deburring CH-A33-3M3L

CH-A33-5M/5L

Target hole dia.Ø8-10mm Recommended rotational speed: 7500-8000min-1

hole deburring CH-A33-5M5L

CH-A33-7M/7L

Target hole dia.Ø10-14mm Recommended rotational speed: 6500-8000min-1

hole deburring CH-A33-7M7L

CH-A33-11M/11L

Target hole dia.Ø14-20mm Recommended rotational speed: 6500-8000min-1

hole deburring CH-A33-11M11L

hole deburring recommended rotational speed Recommended rotational speed

hole deburring recommended rotational speed when worn down Rotational speed when the Brush is worn down 10mm

If burrs remain

  1. Increase rotational speed to the maximum in increments of 1000 min-1
  2. Increase the number of passes

If the workpiece cannot be deburred even by the above-mentioned procedures, the machining condition may be incorrect or the burr size is too large. Change the Brush with higher grinding power. The grinding power of the Brush : Blue> Red

To extend tool life, decrease the rotational speed in 10% increments or increase the feed rate in 10% increments

* Tool life significantly varies depending on processing conditions, burr conditions (size and direction) and workpiece material.

REFERENCE DATA: TOOL LIFE

Material: Carbon Steel S45C
Process details: Cross hole deburring after drilling process
Burr root thickness: 0.1mm
Hole diameter:
Main bore Ø10mm
Cross hole Ø5mm

Tool: CH-A12-SM
Rotational speed: 10000min-1
Feed rate: 300mm/min
Used length: 10mm out of 50mm

Tool life: 4500 holes

cross hole deburring after drilling

Usage tips for XEBEC Back Burr Cutter and Path™

Contents of XEBEC Path for Back Burr Cutter

  • A set of Path data includes 2 cutting directions (up cutting/down cutting), 2 modes (incremental / absolute) and 5 kinds of deburring amounts. The contents differ depending on the edge type.
  • Path data is provided as text data. (An example is shown on the right.)

An example of Path data provided

Target edge (Inner edges Upper/Lower)

back burr cutter usage example

An example of point group data

INNER-1D28.-2D2.2-T1.8-ARO-EO)
(EDGE BREAK AMOUNT 0.11)
(UPPER EDGE)
(INC)
(DOWN CUT)

XO.OOOYO.OOOZ0.000
XO.OOOYO.OOOZ-1.502
X0.460YO.OOOZO.OOO
X-0.019Y0.130Z0.004
X-0.053Y0.117Z0.009
X-0.079Y0.094Z0.012
X-0.096Y0.067Z0.012

The start points of the Path for the upper and lower edges of the inner diameter are shown above.

Initial processing conditions

Cutter type Aluminium alloy General steel/Stainless steel
Product code Cutter diameter Dc (mm) Projection amount Spindle speed (min-1) Feed rate (mm/min) Spindle speed (min-1) Feed rate (mm/min)
Regular type XC-08-A 0.8 SD 20000 650 20000 600
XC-13-A 1.3 SD 20000 650 20000 600
XC-18-A 1.8 SD 20000 650 20000 600
XC-23-A 2.3 SD 18000 950 15000 750
XC-28-A 2.8 SD 15000 1400 12500 1000
XC-33-A 3.3 SD 12700 1250 10600 1050
XC-38-A 3.8 SD 11000 1600 9200 1200
XC-48-A 4.8 SD 8500 1600 7200 1100
XC-58-A 5.8 SD 7000 1200 6000 900
XC-78-A 7.8 SD 5400 1600 4500 1350
XC-98-A 9.8 SD 4300 1300 3600 1100
Straight type XC-18-B 1.8 l0D 4400 220 44 00 220
XC-23-B 2.3 10D 3500 220 3500 220
XC-28-B 2.8 10D 2800 220 2B00 220
XC-33-B 3.3 10D 2400 190 2400 190
XC-38-B 3.8 10 D 2000 160 2000 160
XC-48-8 4.8 l 0D 1600 120 1600 120
XC-58-B 5.8 l0D 1300 100 1300 100

* Processing conditions of straight type (B) depends on projection amount. (Conditions on the table above are for projection amount 10D.)
* The spindle speed and table feed are rough standards for initial processing.
* If the spindle speed and /or table feed fall to meet the standard conditions listed in the table, or an abnormal vibration or noise occurs, decrease the spindle speed and table feed at an equal rate. Make sure to maintain the feed per rev (fn).

Deburring amounts and cumulative error

Product code Cutter diameter (mm) Deburring Amount (mm) Allowable Cumulative Error (mm)
1 2 3 4 5
XC-08-A 0.8 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.10 0.03
XC-13-A 1.3 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.10 0.12 0.05
XC-18-A / B 1.8 0.07 0.09 0.11 0.13 0.15 0.08
XC-23-A / B 2.3 0.07 0.09 0.11 0.13 0.15 0.09
XC-28-A / 8 2.8 0.08 0.11 0.14 0.17 0.20 0.10
XC-33-A / 8 3.3 0.08 0.11 0.14 0.17 0.20 0.11
XC-38-A / 8 3.8 0.09 0.13 0.17 0.21 0.25 0.12
XC-48-A / B 4.8 0.10 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.30 0.15
XC-58-A / B 5.8 0.10 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.30 0.18
XC-78-A 7.8 0.10 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.30 0.18
XC-98 -A 9.8 0.10 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.30 0.18

Deburring amount is a width of an edge after deburring with the Cutter as shown in the picture below.

deburring amount with back burr cutter

Line-up of XEBEC Back Burr Path for Tapped Hole

Tap Size Applicable cutter type and code Cutter diameter Dc (mm) Deburring Amount (mm)
M3 XC-23-A / B 2.3 0.11
M4 XC-28-A / B 2.8 0.14
MS XC-33-A / B 3.3 0.14
M6 XC-38-A / B 3.8 0.17
MS XC-48-A / B 4.8 0.20
M10 XC-58-A / B 5.8 0.20
M12 XC-78-A 7.8 0.20
M16~24 XC-98-A 9.8 0.20